Smallholder farmers Kenya climate change mitigation, landscape restoration ecosystem water availability soil fertility, erosion, food security, livelihoods biodiversity Alok Sikka India
23 July 21
Planting trees among the maize and bean crops of her smallholder farm in Kenya has helped Margaret Muchanga to increase yields, improving her family’s food and financial security and offering lessons in agroforestry that she can share with her community and spread the benefits.
Alok Sikka of the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) and Shiv Dhyani of ICRAF discussed how India’s national water policies have enabled uptake of agroforestry as an NBS providing multiple co-benefits, including improved integrated watershed management. Water-related ecosystem services include cultural benefits, such as ecotourism and recreation; supporting services, including evapotranspiration and soil-moisture infiltration; provisioning services, such as drinking water; and regulating services related to climates, micro-climates and floods.